The Neo-Renaissance National Museum building is from 1891, and is an important feature of the upper part of Wenceslas Square. Since the time of its construction, it has not been significantly repaired – it was damaged in two military attacks in 1945 and 1968. The building underwent an extensive renovation, which transformed it into a modern museum space. It was symbolically opened to the public on 28 October 2018 on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the foundation of the Czechoslovak Republic.
The new building of the National Museum in Prague at the top of Wenceslas Square is one of the city’s unique modern buildings. It was the headquarters of the former Federal Assembly, and from 1994-2002, the building was the headquarters of Radio Free Europe. Today it holds temporary exhibitions introducing important historical events or objects from different walks of life, guided tours, conferences and seminars.